All of our rules were manufactured in the USA at one of the last precision manufacturing companies. Their first quality standards are of a very high level. Many of these scales did not meet the quality standards so we can sell them for less. Most have scratches, discoloration or other blemishes. The measurements are good and they function accurately for their intended purpose. Of course, if you are displeased with the quality of any scale, we will refund your purchase price under our standard warranty.